UNITED NATIONS (AP) – Chief U.N. weapons inspector Hans Blix said yesterday he warned Iraq that it must provide convincing evidence if it maintains – as it did last week – that it has no illegal weapons programs.

Paul Wong
A team of United Nations chemical weapons inspectors undergo a training excerise at a chemical equipment factory in Hainesport, N.J.

Iraqi officials said they intend to cooperate fully with U.N. inspectors who will resume work tomorrow after nearly four years, Blix told the U.N. Security Council.

But on the critical issue of access, Iraqi officials remarked during talks last week in Baghdad “that the entry into a presidential site or a ministry was not exactly the same thing as entry into a factory,” Blix said, according to his briefing notes.

The resolution allows inspectors to go anywhere at anytime, including presidential sites, and Blix said he stressed this point to the Iraqis and told them his teams would exercise this right. “We said we would inspect all sites on an equal basis,” he told a news conference afterwards.

Blix said he would have 100 inspectors on the ground by Christmas and that logistics were being rapidly strengthened. He also wants to open a field office in the northern city of Mosul “without delay.”

“Thanks to assistance from the government of New Zealand we already have communications people and medics in place and before the end of the week, we may have the first of eight helicopters in Baghdad.”

Blix told the council that the Iraqis had expressed “some uncertainty,” about how it should prepare a declaration of all nuclear, chemical and biological programs.

Iraq is mandated to provide the council and inspectors with the declaration by Dec. 8.

Some of the Iraqi concerns appeared to be technical, including how detailed the submissions should be on Iraq’s petrochemical industry.

“Clearly, the most important thing was that whatever there existed by way of weapons programs and proscribed items should be fully declared,” Blix said he told the Iraqis.

“I added that four years had passed since the last inspections and that many governments believed that weapons of mass destruction programs remained in Iraq. The council had wanted to offer Iraq a last opportunity,” he said.

“If the Iraqi side were to state – as it still did at our meeting – that there were no such programs, it would need to provide convincing documentary or other evidence,” he told the council.

Blix said he urged Iraq to make a complete declaration and “to look into stores and stocks” to ensure that everything is reported on Dec. 8.

Under the resolution a false statement or omission in the declaration, coupled with an Iraqi failure to cooperate with inspectors, would constitute a new “material breach” which would be reported to the council for possible action.

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