CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. (AP) — A NASA spacecraft with a Hollywood name — Deep Impact — blasted off yesterday on a mission to smash a hole in a comet and give scientists a glimpse of the frozen primordial ingredients of the solar system.
With a launch window only one second long, Deep Impact rocketed away at the designated moment on a six-month, 268-million-mile journey to Comet Tempel 1. It will be a one-way trip that NASA hopes will reach a cataclysmic end on the Fourth of July.
“We are on our way,” said an excited Michael A’Hearn of the University of Maryland, the mission’s chief scientist. Minutes later, the spacecraft shot out of Earth’s orbit and onto its collision course.
“We’ll be there July Fourth,” NASA launch director Omar Baez said.
It was not until later in the afternoon — much later than expected — that scientists learned that Deep Impact’s energy-producing solar panel had deployed properly. Although the spacecraft appeared to be healthy, it placed itself in a protective “sleep” mode because of an unknown problem, and flight controllers were reviewing strange sensor data, NASA said. The problem was not believed to be critical.
Scientists are counting on Deep Impact to carve out a crater in Comet Tempel 1 that could swallow the Roman Coliseum. It will be humans’ first look into the heart of a comet, a celestial snowball still containing the original building blocks of the sun and the planets.
Because of the relative speed of the two objects at the moment of impact — 23,000 mph — no explosives are needed for the job. The force of the smashup will be equivalent to 4 1/2 tons of TNT, creating a flash that just might be visible in the dark sky by the naked eye in one spectacular Fourth of July fireworks display.
Nothing like this has ever been attempted before.
Little is known about Comet Tempel 1, other than that it is an icy, rocky body about nine miles long and three miles wide. Scientists do not even know whether the crust will be as hard as concrete or as flimsy as corn flakes.
“One of the scary things is that we won’t actually know the shape and what it looks like until after we do the encounter,” said Jay Melosh, a planetary geologist at the University of Arizona.