CAIRO, Egypt (AP) – Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak angered Iraqi leaders yesterday by saying Shiites there and across the Middle East are more loyal to Iran than to their own countries as he gave a startlingly frank warning about possible civil war in Iraq.
The flap highlights the escalating tensions between predominantly Sunni Arab countries – alarmed by possible Kurdish and Shiite domination of their neighbor – and Iraqis who say they are not getting enough support from their Arab brothers.
“Definitely Iran has influence on Shiites,” Mubarak said in an interview broadcast Saturday evening by Al-Arabiya television. “Shiites are 65 percent of the Iraqis . Most of the Shiites are loyal to Iran, and not to the countries they are living in.”
He also said civil war “has almost started” in Iraq.
“At the moment, Iraq is almost close to destruction,” he warned.
Mubarak has rarely commented on the situation in Iraq and his statements usually are broad, vague expressions of concern over the violence and political turmoil there. Arab leaders also generally avoid pointed criticism of their fellow leaders.
So the interview startled not only Iraqis but also the Shiites who form large communities in a number of Mideast nations – particularly the Gulf, Saudi Arabia and Lebanon. Some of them said Mubarak’s comments only fuel momentum toward civil war.
Mubarak’s spokesman, Suleiman Awad, tried Sunday to soften the impact. He said the president was talking about Shiite sympathy with Iran “in view of its hosting of (Shiite) holy shrines.”
“The president’s statement about Iraq was only reflecting his increasing worries about the deteriorating situation and his keenness to maintain Iraq’s national unity,” Awad said in a statement carried by the state news agency MENA.
That did not seem to mollify Iraqi leaders.
Iraqi interim leadership said they were “annoyed” by Mubarak’s remarks.
“This is a stab in their (Shiites’) patriotism and their civilization,” Iraq’s three highest-ranking Kurdish, Shiite and Sunni Arab leaders – President Jalal Talabani, Prime Minister Ibrahim al-Jaafari and Parliament Speaker Adnan Pachachi – said in a joint statement yesterday.
“Reality and historical facts show that the Shiites always have been patriotic and genuine Iraqis. This unfair accusation against Shiites is baseless,” Talabani, a Kurd, later told Iraqi television.
Iraqi Foreign Minister Hoshyar Zebari complained to Egyptian counterpart Ahmed Aboul Gheit about Mubarak’s remarks, an Iraqi diplomat in Cairo said on condition of anonymity because he was not authorized to release the information.
Mubarak’s comments are likely to fuel complaints by Iraq’s new Shiite and Kurdish leaders that Sunni-led Arab nations are biased toward the country’s Sunni Arab minority and do not consider their government legitimate.
Last month, Zebari lashed out at Arab leaders in a summit in Khartoum, Sudan – that Mubarak did not attend – telling them they are to blame if Iran has influence because they have not supported Iraq since Saddam Hussein’s fall in 2003.
Iraq has demanded Arab countries follow through on promises to send ambassadors to Baghdad, and it sees their failure to do so as a lack of support and recognition. Iraqi leaders also want their Arab neighbors to forgive their debt and condemn the insurgents, most of whom are Sunni Arabs.