Ever since Donald Trump was inaugurated back in 2017, much of American politics has revolved around a fundamental question of political science: What exactly defines authoritarianism, and does Donald Trump fit within that mold?
In 1994, South African apartheid ended and the nation’s Black community was finally granted suffrage. With that momentous change, Nelson Mandela and the long-outlawed African National Congress swept into power, winning 252 of the 400 seats in the nation’s national assembly. Beginning here, the ANC established a political dynasty which has lasted ever since — in every election, the ANC has maintained their majority and won at least 230 seats. As the de facto party of liberation, the ANC has maintained a godlike reputation within the majority-Black nation for decades.
This month, November 2019, marks the 30th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall, one of the most momentous events of the 20th century. In many regards, the German reunification was an unbridled success: After being divided for more than four decades, the nation was able to come together quickly and peacefully, bridging major divides. On the surface, this reunification appears to be a miraculous success story. Since 1990, all of Germany has cheered for the same national soccer team, used the same currency and operated politically as one united nation.
For the past several weeks, Chile has been rocked by massive protests, mainly in the capital city of Santiago. Traditionally, protests of this scale are the result of major political, social or economic decisions made by a government that citizens feel would dramatically impact their lives.
Over the past weeks, the Middle East has undergone drastic geopolitical changes that could alter the region’s dynamics for decades to come. While most news coverage has been focused on President Trump’s rash and foolhardy decision to abandon America’s Kurdish allies in Syria, this is not the only major development in the region.
The United States often likes to tout the checks and balances in its governmental system, which exist for the purpose of constraining the power of various groups and individuals. Even under President Donald Trump, the checks and balances system has proved somewhat successful: Many of Trump’s most outrageous ideas have been stymied or watered down, preventing social and political catastrophes.
“It was the best of times, it was the worst of times,” began Charles Dickens in his 1859 novel “A Tale of Two Cities.” Today, more than 150 years after Dickens’ death, those words remain relevant: At present, they describe the predicament facing Russian President Vladimir Putin. Internationally, Putin’s reign has been a time of great success for Russia.
In August 1947, Britain announced the partition of the British India Colony, creating two separate, independent nations: the Republic of India and the Islamic Republic of Pakistan. To say the Partition was controversial would be an understatement; it has, nearly single-handedly, defined the geopolitics of the region since. In the decades following, the Partition India and Pakistan have quarrelled ceaselessly, fighting over land and power. However, no issue has been more contentious than the dispute over the region of Kashmir.
For the past several years, European political coverage has focused almost solely on the rise of the far right — and not without reason. Far-right parties have gained voters in “progressive” countries like Germany and France, and have even managed to win outright majorities in Poland and Hungary. However, while the far-right may be grabbing all the headlines, another movement is beginning to make its presence felt in European politics: green parties.