BY SUZANNE JACOBS
Daily Staff Reporter
Published September 7, 2010
Medical patients in Michigan who have approval from the state to treat their conditions with marijuana can possess up to 2.5 ounces of usable marijuana as well as any incidental amount of seeds, stalks and unusable roots from the plant. But the process of getting the drug can often be difficult to navigate, especially with city and state regulations on dispensaries — the most viable means of getting the drug for many patients — constantly changing.
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The Michigan Medical Marijuana Act states that a patient can grow up to 12 marijuana plants in an enclosed, locked facility, or if patients choose not to grow their own medicine, they can designate a “primary caregiver” to grow it for them. Caregivers can grow plants for up to five patients as well as themselves if they are also patients. The law does not mention medical marijuana dispensaries — making the legality of marijuana shops unclear.
Mike Meno, the director of communications for the Marijuana Policy Project — the organization responsible for drafting Michigan’s medical marijuana law — said the state didn’t address dispensaries in the law out of fear that state-licensed dispensaries would be in violation of federal law.
Until President Barack Obama took office, Meno said “the federal government was openly hostile to state marijuana laws” and “there was always a hesitancy by state governments to become too involved in medical marijuana laws.”
The next logical step for Michigan would be to pass statewide regulations that make it “very clear” what the law would allow for dispensaries, Meno said.
In the meantime, local municipalities around the state have had to individually decide what to do about dispensaries. Some have outright prohibited them. Others, like Traverse City, have passed ordinances to regulate dispensaries, and some city councils have put temporary moratoriums on them while city officials decide how to proceed.
In August, the Ann Arbor City Council voted in favor of a 120-day moratorium on new dispensaries. Businesses that had already opened — including MedMar Compassionate Healthcare on Packard Road, the Liberty Clinic on Main Street, the Ann Arbor Health Collective on Stadium Boulevard and Green Planet Patient Collective on the corner of Tappan Avenue and Monroe Street — were permitted to remain open.
In defending the moratorium, City Attorney Stephen Postema said the city council needed time to figure out zoning and regulation issues for dispensaries. He warned of the proliferation of too many unregulated businesses, which caused problems in some cities in California.
The Los Angeles Times reported in May that city prosecutors were in the process of notifying 439 dispensaries in Los Angeles that they would need to shut down before June 7 — when the city’s new ordinance to regulate dispensaries would go into effect. In 2007, after 187 dispensaries had already opened in Los Angeles, the city put a moratorium on new dispensaries. The city failed to enforce the ban, and Los Angeles became the “epicenter of the state’s dispensary boom,” according to the L.A. Times. Last month, the L.A. city clerk announced that only one quarter of the 169 dispensaries that were allowed to stay open during the moratorium followed the proper procedures, meaning that the rest of the dispensaries will have to be shut down.
Last week, Ann Arbor's City Planning Commission unanimously voted in favor of a new ordinance to regulate medical marijuana dispensaries, AnnArbor.com reported. Some of the rules detailed in the four-page document include no dispensaries located within 1,000 feet of schools, no drive-in dispensaries, no smoking, inhalation or consumption of medical marijuana on premises and no minors allowed on premises without a parent or guardian.
The ordinance also sets rules for caregivers who cultivate in their own homes.